1. Social Sciences
  2. Psychology
  3. 1 points question 6 what is the term that describes...

Question: 1 points question 6 what is the term that describes...

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1 points

Question 6

  1. What is the term that describes the brain’s high responsiveness to environmental circumstances?





1 points

Question 7

  1. The text describes orphanages in Romania in which all of the infants had been seriously deprived. The children were later adopted and recovered dramatically in physical development. It was found that the recovery in cognitive development ____.

    was dependent on the age at which the children were adopted

    was so significant and rapid that the children outperformed other children very quickly

    was significant and rapid for all children regardless of age

    was minor or nonexistent for all of the children

1 points

Question 8

  1. SIDS is almost unknown in cultures where ____.

    there are low rates of obesity

    infants sleep in their own cribs in their own rooms

    cosleeping is the norm

    corporal punishment is discouraged

1 points

Question 9

  1. At 6 months of age, American infants sleep about 14 hours a day, whereas infants who are the same age in Kenya sleep about 12 hours a day, and infants in the Netherlands sleep about 16 hours a day. This variation is best explained by __________.

    differences in genetics.

    cultural practices

    innate programming.

    random variation.

10 points

Question 10

  1. ____ proposed that changes in cognitive development proceed in distinct stages and that each stage involves a different way of thinking about the world.

    Eric Erickson

    Jean Piaget

    B. F. Skinner

    Sigmund Freud

1 points

Question 11

  1. Which of the following is a major criticism of Piaget’s theories of cognitive development?

    his sample size was too large and over-representative

    his theories are not supported by modern research

    he underestimated the cognitive abilities of infants

    he overestimated the cognitive abilities of children

1 points

Question 12

  1. Habituation is defined as ____.

    an individual’s desire, but inability to quit using an active substance

    an increased attention when a new stimulus is presented several times

    the gradual decrease in attention to a stimulus after repeated presentations

    a dwelling that a person occupies

1 points

Question 13

  1. During the second half of an infant’s first year, he or she directs his or her attention not just to whatever is most stimulating, but also to ____.

    an auditory and a visual stimulus at the same time

    what other people around him or her are attending to

    several stimuli at once

    what he or she is imagining

1 points

Question 14

  1. Infants across the world babble ____.

    at exactly the same age

    the same sounds initially

    completely different sounds based on their language

    completely different sounds based on how much their parents speak to them

1 points

Question 15

  1. What does the text refer to as the biologically based raw material of personality?

    physiological set




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