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  3. 1 points question 6 what is the term that describes...

Question: 1 points question 6 what is the term that describes...

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1 points

Question 6

  1. What is the term that describes the brain’s high responsiveness to environmental circumstances?

    growth

    pruning

    sensitivity


    plasticity


1 points

Question 7

  1. The text describes orphanages in Romania in which all of the infants had been seriously deprived. The children were later adopted and recovered dramatically in physical development. It was found that the recovery in cognitive development ____.

    was dependent on the age at which the children were adopted

    was so significant and rapid that the children outperformed other children very quickly

    was significant and rapid for all children regardless of age


    was minor or nonexistent for all of the children

1 points

Question 8

  1. SIDS is almost unknown in cultures where ____.

    there are low rates of obesity


    infants sleep in their own cribs in their own rooms


    cosleeping is the norm


    corporal punishment is discouraged


1 points

Question 9

  1. At 6 months of age, American infants sleep about 14 hours a day, whereas infants who are the same age in Kenya sleep about 12 hours a day, and infants in the Netherlands sleep about 16 hours a day. This variation is best explained by __________.

    differences in genetics.

    cultural practices

    innate programming.

    random variation.

10 points

Question 10

  1. ____ proposed that changes in cognitive development proceed in distinct stages and that each stage involves a different way of thinking about the world.

    Eric Erickson


    Jean Piaget


    B. F. Skinner


    Sigmund Freud


1 points

Question 11

  1. Which of the following is a major criticism of Piaget’s theories of cognitive development?

    his sample size was too large and over-representative


    his theories are not supported by modern research


    he underestimated the cognitive abilities of infants


    he overestimated the cognitive abilities of children


1 points

Question 12

  1. Habituation is defined as ____.

    an individual’s desire, but inability to quit using an active substance


    an increased attention when a new stimulus is presented several times


    the gradual decrease in attention to a stimulus after repeated presentations


    a dwelling that a person occupies


1 points

Question 13

  1. During the second half of an infant’s first year, he or she directs his or her attention not just to whatever is most stimulating, but also to ____.

    an auditory and a visual stimulus at the same time


    what other people around him or her are attending to


    several stimuli at once


    what he or she is imagining


1 points

Question 14

  1. Infants across the world babble ____.

    at exactly the same age

    the same sounds initially


    completely different sounds based on their language

    completely different sounds based on how much their parents speak to them

1 points

Question 15

  1. What does the text refer to as the biologically based raw material of personality?

    physiological set

    bio-personality

    temperament

    genetics

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