Question: 1 points question 6 what is the term that describes...
What is the term that describes the brain’s high responsiveness to environmental circumstances?
The text describes orphanages in Romania in which all of the infants had been seriously deprived. The children were later adopted and recovered dramatically in physical development. It was found that the recovery in cognitive development ____.
was dependent on the age at which the children were adopted
was so significant and rapid that the children outperformed other children very quickly
was significant and rapid for all children regardless of age
was minor or nonexistent for all of the children
SIDS is almost unknown in cultures where ____.
there are low rates of obesity
infants sleep in their own cribs in their own rooms
cosleeping is the norm
corporal punishment is discouraged
At 6 months of age, American infants sleep about 14 hours a day, whereas infants who are the same age in Kenya sleep about 12 hours a day, and infants in the Netherlands sleep about 16 hours a day. This variation is best explained by __________.
differences in genetics.
____ proposed that changes in cognitive development proceed in distinct stages and that each stage involves a different way of thinking about the world.
B. F. Skinner
Which of the following is a major criticism of Piaget’s theories of cognitive development?
his sample size was too large and over-representative
his theories are not supported by modern research
he underestimated the cognitive abilities of infants
he overestimated the cognitive abilities of children
Habituation is defined as ____.
an individual’s desire, but inability to quit using an active substance
an increased attention when a new stimulus is presented several times
the gradual decrease in attention to a stimulus after repeated presentations
a dwelling that a person occupies
During the second half of an infant’s first year, he or she directs his or her attention not just to whatever is most stimulating, but also to ____.
an auditory and a visual stimulus at the same time
what other people around him or her are attending to
several stimuli at once
what he or she is imagining
Infants across the world babble ____.
at exactly the same age
the same sounds initially
completely different sounds based on their language
completely different sounds based on how much their parents speak to them
What does the text refer to as the biologically based raw material of personality?