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  3. 1 read the following 2 cases and answer the questions...

Question: 1 read the following 2 cases and answer the questions...

Question details

1.     Read the following 2 cases and answer the questions to each.

Case 1

You have been attending to a patient who is feeling unwell from the chemotherapy they received 48 hours ago. The patient has declined the offer of transport to hospital, opting to go home. The patient has normal vital signs and appears to be low risk. Their family have gone to move their car closer but is unable to bring it all the way to the first aid post. The patient is able to stand with assistance but is not up to walking a long distance.

a.  What equipment you would use to move the patient?

 

 

b.  Why you would use this piece of equipment?

 

 

 

c.  What are the implications for you and the patient of using this equipment?

 

Case 2

You are on duty at a concert and have been called to attend to a patient who is in the middle of the dance area, approximately 4 metres from the front barrier. On arrival you discover the patient has dislocated their knee, but it is not safe to stay where they are due to the crowd.

a.  What equipment you would use to move the patient?

 

 

 

b.  Why you would use this piece of equipment?

 

 

 

c.  What are the implications for you and the patient of using this equipment?

 

 

 

 

 

 

2.     The musculosketal system is made up of various bones, muscles, tendons, ligament and joints. Complete the table below by giving an example of where an incorrect manual handling procedure could lead to injury. The table has been completed for bones as an example of the answer expected.

 

Musculosketal system is made up of …

Incorrect manual handling procedure

Bones

 

Incorrectly lifting a heavy object could cause the object to fall on the leg, leading to a break of the tibia or fibula.

Muscles

 

 

Tendons

 

 

Ligaments

 

 

Joints

 

 

 

 

Safety when working in a home environment

3.     List four risk factors that need to be considered when working with a patient in a home-base environment? (e.g. messy environment meaning that it would be difficult to get a stretcher to a patient).

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

4.     Identify two steps that should be taken by a client to help ensure the safety of themselves and others in a home environment (e.g. having a fire blanket near the stove).

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Signage

5.     For each sign below, identify at least one situation where you would use the sign. 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Infection Control

6.     Give the definition of each of the following terms:

 

Bacteria

 

 

Bacteria spores

 

 

Fungi

 

 

Viruses

 

 

Pathogens

 

 

Infection

 

 

Disease

 

 

Colonisation

 

 

 

7.     List three factors that increase the chances of infection?

 

 

 

 

 

8.     For each of the following modes of transmission, give an example of how you would break the chain of infection?

 

Contact

 

 

Airborne

 

 

Droplet

 

 

 

 

 

 

9.     In performing hand washing, when would you use soap and water and when would you use alcohol hand rub?

 

 

 

 

 

 

10.  What are three differences between pre-surgical hand preparation and standard hand wash?

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

11.  When might it be necessary to use additional precautions to prevent transmission of infection?

 

 

 

 

 

12.  How would you dispose of a sharp which was found in a first aid post?

 

 

 

 

 

13.  Name two procedures must be followed between use of a reusable medical device (i.e. not single- use items).

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

14.  List two actions you can take to reduce the spread of infection if you are coughing or sneezing.

 

 

 

 

 

15.  List two procedures that should be followed in handling and processing linen in a manner that controls the spread of infection.

 

 

 

 

 

16.  Name at least two signs that may be used to identify hazards related to infection control.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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