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  3. 3 john smith supervisor of the process control group of...

Question: 3 john smith supervisor of the process control group of...

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3. John Smith, supervisor of the process control group of the Ideal gas Company, has installed a 25 x 40 x 25-ft swimming pool in his backyard. The pool contains level and temperature sensors used in feedback controllers to maintain the pool level and temperature at desired values. Mr. Smith is satisfied with the level control system, but he feels that the addition of one or more feedforward controllers would help maintain the temperature more nearly constant. As a new member of the process control group, you have been selected to check Mr. Smiths mathematical analysis and to give your advice. The following information may not be pertinent to your analysis: (i) Mr. Smith is particular about cleanliness and thus has a high-capacity pump that continually circulates the water through an activated charcoal filter. (ii) The pool is equipped with a natural gas-fired heater that adds heat to the pool at a rate 0u) that is directly proportional to the output signal from the controller p(h). (ii) There is a leak in the pool, which Mr. Smith has determined is constant equal to F (volumetric flow rate). The liquid-level control adds water from the city supply system to maintain the level in the pool exactly at the specified level. The temperature of the water in the city system is T,», a variable. (iv) A significant amount of heat is lost by conduction to the surrounding ground, which has a constant, year-round temperature To. Experimental tests by Mr. Smith showed that essentially all of the temperature loop between the pool and the
ground occurred across the homogeneous layer of gravel that surrounded his pool. The gravel thickness is ar, and the overall thermal conductivity is ko. ( The main challenge to Mr. Smith modelling ability was the heat loss term accounting for convection, conduction, radiation, and evaporation to the atmosphere. He determined that the heat losses per unit area of open water could be represented b losses-U(TP-T) where Tp temperature of pool Ta temperature of the air, a variable U overall heat transfer coefficient Mr. Smiths detailed model included radiation, losses and heat generation due to added chemicals, but he determined that these terms were negligible. (a) Draw a schematic diagram for the pool and all control equipment. Show all inputs and outputs, including all disturbance variables. control to the existing pool temperature feedback controller? disturbance variables you listed in part (a) are most/least likely to be (b) What additional variable(s) will have to be measured to add feedforward (c) Write a steady-state energy balance. How can you determine which of the important? (d) What recommendations concerning the prospects of adding feedforward control would you make to Mr. Smith?
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