Question: 3 some historians believe that an olympic stade which is...
3. Some historians believe that an Olympic stade, which is 176.4 meters. What % error would this make his calculation off by, when compared to the modern value?
Eratosthenes was a Greek mathematician who lived 276-194 BC. At summer solstice he waited until noon, when the sun was directly overhead in Aswan. He placed a gnomon (basically a stick) at the bottom of the well at 90° to the ground, and noticed that it cast no shadow. Then at the same time he had others place a gnomon in Alexandria. He found that the tip of the gnomon made an angle of 7° to the edge of the shadow, where the gnomon was again at 90° with the ground. Based on records at the Library of Alexandria, he knew that the distance from Aswan to Alexandria was 5,000 stadia.