1. Other
  2. Other
  3. a homeostasis 1 what is meant by the term homeostasis...

Question: a homeostasis 1 what is meant by the term homeostasis...

Question details

A.    Homeostasis

 

1.      What is meant by the term ‘homeostasis’?

 

 

 

 

 

 

2.      What are four factors that can affect homeostatic balance in the human body?

 

 

 

 

 

3.      Name two (2) conditions caused by homeostatic imbalance.

 

 

 

4.      Below is a list of mechanisms the body uses to control its temperature (thermoregulation). For each one, briefly describe the process and whether it lowers or increases the body’s temperature.

 

Mechanism

Description

Lower or Increase Temperature

Sweating

 

 

Thermogenesis

 

 

Vascoconstriction

 

 

Vascodilation

 

 

 

5.      To achieve water balance in the body, what mechanisms are used to achieve an increase or decrease in body water

 

Goal

Mechanisms

Increase

 

Decrease

 

 

 

 

6.      Briefly explain each of the following terms related to a blood pH imbalance.

 

Term

Explanation

Respiratory acidosis

 

Metabolic acidosis

 

Respiratory alkalosis

 

Metabolic alkalosis

 

 

7.      Identify what waste products each of following eliminates from the body

 

Component

Eliminates

Kidneys

 

Respiratory System

 

Digestive System

 

Skin

 

 

8.      Describe three ways that the body can control blood pressure.

 

 

 

 

 

9.      For each of the following, describe how they protect the human body from infection.

 

Body part

How it protects the human body from infection

Skin

 

Mucous membranes

 

White blood cells

 

 

10.   Identify three ways in which physical activity (active and passive) benefits the human body?

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

B.    Maintaining a healthy body

 

1.              List four different strategies that may help to prevent non-insulin dependent diabetes.

 

 

 

 

 

2.              Describe how smoking may affect the following body systems.

 

a)    Respiratory system

 

b)    Cardiovascular system

 

c)     Nervous system

 

 

 

3.              Define three (3) examples of a poor diet and describe what effect they may have on a healthy body.

 

 

 

 

4.     Name three (3) long-term effects on the body from excessive consumption of alcohol.

 

 

 

 

 

P.     Case Studies

 

1.       Case Study 1

 

Mr Taylor is patiently waiting for you out the front of his house, when you arrive to pick him up at 9am to go to the beach for a day outing. Mr Taylor is always proper, and you notice he is dressed in dark corduroy trousers, a pressed shirt, tie and a dark heavy wool sports jacket. It is a summer day and the temperature is already 270C.

 

What are the possible problems associated with this scenario?

 

 

 

 

 

 

What body systems may be affected?

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2.       Case Study 2

 

You observe that your patient is experiencing chest pains, is sweaty and has difficulty breathing.

 

What body systems may be affected?

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

3.       Case Study 3

 

Identify what body systems are affected when a patient has a cold.

 

 

 

 

 

Solution by an expert tutor
Blurred Solution
This question has been solved
Subscribe to see this solution