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Question: a i explain how overnutrition contributes to the onset of...

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(a) i) Explain how over-nutrition contributes to the onset of cardiovascular disease.(2 marks)

ii) Outline how lifestyle contributes to the development of cardiovascular disease. (2 marks) 

iii) Give an account of the extent of cardiovascular disease in Australia. Provide statistics and references to support your answer. (4 marks)  

b) Explain how the colours in the following fruits and vegetables can help to lower the risk of cardiovascular disease. Include in your answer the role of phytochemicals and antioxidants in the fruits and vegetables. Include references or websites. (3 marks)

i) Purple coloured fruits and vegetables such as beetroot, blackberries red cabbage and plums (1 mark) 

ii) Red coloured fruits and vegetables such as red capsicum, tomato, cherries. (1 mark) 

iii) Brown and white coloured fruits and vegetables such as bananas. (1 mark) 

c) 2021 is the International Year of Fruits and Vegetables. Provide the Australian recommendation for the average daily number of serves of fruit and vegetables for a male or female between the ages of 19-50. (1 mark) 

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