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Question: a short answer questions workplace health and safety write...

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A. Short Answer Questions – Workplace Health and Safety

Write your answer in the space provided.


1.    What are three of your rights under the Work Health and Safety Act?






2.    What are three of your responsibilities under the Work Health and Safety Act?






3.    What is the role of a workplace health and safety representative?






4.    What is the role of a workplace health and safety committee?






5.    Rank the following ways of controlling a hazard (in order of 1 to 6):



Reduce exposure to the hazard using administrative action (such as developing policies and procedures)


Isolate the hazard from people



Use personal protective equipment



Substitute the hazard with something safer



Eliminate the hazard



Reduce the risk through engineering controls such as machine guards





6.    Why is it important to promptly report any incidences in the workplace?






7.    Why is it important to report a ‘near miss’?







8.    Name two examples of workplace health and safety incidents that should be reported to your supervisor.






9.    Name three client related factors that have the potential to cause harm to yourself when managing a patient (e.g. patient under the influence of alcohol).






10.Name two housekeeping practices that you should do regularly to maintain a safe working environment.





11.Name two ways to maintain the currency of safe work practices in the workplace.








12.List at least five indicators that a person may be fatigued.








13.Describe three strategies to combat fatigue.





14.Live five possible stressors in the workplace.







15.List three things you would do if you were experiencing high levels of stress or fatigue.






16.Describe why a debriefing is important following a workplace incident.








Manual Handling

17.Identify four things you should consider when lifting or moving a patient.







18.List the steps you would take before safely lifting or moving a patient.






19.List three prieces of lifting and moving equipment that you may use to move a patient.

Lifting/moving equipment


Used for …

















20.Read the following 2 cases and answer the questions to each.

Case 1

You have been attending to a patient who is feeling unwell from the chemotherapy they received 48 hours ago. The patient has declined the offer of transport to hospital, opting to go home. The patient has normal vital signs and appears to be low risk. Their family have gone to move their car closer but is unable to bring it all the way to the first aid post. The patient is able to stand with assistance but is not up to walking a long distance.

a. What equipment you would use to move the patient?



b. Why you would use this piece of equipment?




c.  What are the implications for you and the patient of using this equipment?


Case 2

You are on duty at a concert and have been called to attend to a patient who is in the middle of the dance area, approximately 4 metres from the front barrier. On arrival you discover the patient has dislocated their knee, but it is not safe to stay where they are due to the crowd.

a. What equipment you would use to move the patient?




b.  Why you would use this piece of equipment?




c.  What are the implications for you and the patient of using this equipment?







21.The musculosketal system is made up of various bones, muscles, tendons, ligament and joints. Complete the table below by giving an example of where an incorrect manual handling procedure could lead to injury. The table has been completed for bones as an example of the answer expected.


Musculosketal system is made up of …

Incorrect manual handling procedure



Incorrectly lifting a heavy object could cause the object to fall on the leg, leading to a break of the tibia or fibula.















Safety when working in a home environment

22.List four risk factors that need to be considered when working with a patient in a home-base environment? (e.g. messy environment meaning that it would be difficult to get a stretcher to a patient).









23.Identify two steps that should be taken by a client to help ensure the safety of themselves and others in a home environment (e.g. having a fire blanket near the stove).










24.For each sign below, identify at least one situation where you would use the sign. 



















Infection Control

25.Give the definition of each of the following terms:





Bacteria spores






















26.List three factors that increase the chances of infection?






27.For each of the following modes of transmission, give an example of how you would break the chain of infection?















28.In performing hand washing, when would you use soap and water and when would you use alcohol hand rub?







29.What are three differences between pre-surgical hand preparation and standard hand wash?








30.When might it be necessary to use additional precautions to prevent transmission of infection?






31.How would you dispose of a sharp which was found in a first aid post?






32.Name two procedures must be followed between use of a reusable medical device (i.e. not single- use items).








33.List two actions you can take to reduce the spread of infection if you are coughing or sneezing.






34.List two procedures that should be followed in handling and processing linen in a manner that controls the spread of infection.






35.Name at least two signs that may be used to identify hazards related to infection control.

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