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Question: consider a hypothetical open economy the following table presents data...

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Consider a hypothetical open economy. The following table presents data on the relationship between various real interest rates and national saving, domestic investment, and net capital outflow in this economy, where the currency is the U.S. dollar. Assume that the economy is currently experiencing a balanced government budget.

Real Interest Rate

National Saving

Domestic Investment

Net Capital Outflow

(Percent)

(Billions of dollars)

(Billions of dollars)

(Billions of dollars)

7 60 30 -10
6 55 40 -5
5 50 50 0
4 45 60 5
3 40 70 10
2 35 80 15

Given the information in the preceding table, use the blue points (circle symbol) to plot the demand for loanable funds. Next, use the orange points (square symbol) to plot the supply of loanable funds. Finally, use the black point (cross symbol) to indicate the equilibrium in this market.

Market for Loanable Funds 10 T Demand Supply 4 Equilibrium 2 20 40 60 80 100 QUANTITY OF LOANABLE FUNDS

On the following graph, plot the relationship between the real interest rate and net capital outflow by using the green points (triangle symbol) to plot the points from the initial data table. Then use the black point (X symbol) to indicate the level of net capital outflow at the equilibrium real interest rate you derived in the previous graph.

Net Capital Outflow 10 T NCO Eqm. NCO ti) 4 20 -15 10-5 0 5 10 15 20 NET CAPITAL OUTFLOW (Billions of dollars)

Because of the relationship between net capital outflow and net exports, the level of net capital outflow at the equilibrium real interest rate implies that the economy is experiencing   .(BALANCED TRADE/ TRADE DEFICIT/ TRADE SURPLUS)

Now, suppose the government is experiencing a budget deficit. This means that (national savings will increase OR decrease, domestic investment will increase OR decrease , which leads to   loanable funds.

Use the green line (triangle symbol) to show the supply curve in this market before the budget deficit. Then use the purple line (diamond symbol) to show the supply curve after the budget deficit.

Market for Foreign-Currency Exchange 10 T Initial Supply Supply with Deficit Demand 20 -15 10-5 0 5 10 15 20 QUANTITY OF DOLLARS (Billions)

Summarize the effects of a budget deficit by filling in the following table.

Real Interest Rate

Real Exchange Rate

Trade Balance

Effects of a Budget Deficit increase/decrease increase/decrease surplus/deficit
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