Question: critical approaches to literature quiz structuralism poststructuralism and readerresponse theory...
CRITICAL APPROACHES TO LITERATURE
Quiz: Structuralism, Poststructuralism, and Reader-Response Theory
Question 1: What is a goal of Formalism?
o to find elements in literary texts that explain how writers achieve certain effects
o to uncover the motives of the author of a literary work
o to reveal the influence of history on the development of a literary work
o to fit the work into a larger system
Question 2: Which of the following best represents a New Critical reading of literature?
o connecting Emily Dickinson's poem "Wild Nights-Wild Nights!" to the fact that she never married
o examining how the rhyme scheme of "The Raven" by Edgar Allan Poe reflects its literariness
o exploring the connection between the name of the character Hamlet and Shakespeare's son named Hamnet
o examining the influence of John Milton's blindness on the composition of his poem Paradise Lost
Question 3: How are Reader Response Theory and Poststructuralism similar?
o Both consider gaps in meaning that are filled in by the reader.
o Both originated in France.
o Both look only at texts and nothing outside them.
o Both focus on the importance of the author.
Question 4: According to the module readings, what is a potential disadvantage of using Structuralism as a critical approach?
o It is too focused on the background and not the literary work itself.
o It ignores the individual differences in literary works in favor of fitting them into larger systems.
o It requires a great deal of practice.
o It requires you to find gaps, double meanings, and wordplay in literary works.
Question 5: What does Reader-Response Theory require the reader of literature to do?
o concentrate exclusively on the literary work alone
o fit the literary work into a larger category or genre
o identify wordplay in the literary work
o recognize how his or her understanding of literary works is influenced by personal biases
Question 6: Which of the following sounds most like a Structuralist study?
o examining how word choice contributes to meaning in a poem by Elizabeth Barrett Browning
o determining how modern readers' expectations about relationships affect their understanding of Jane Austen's novels
o determining how economic conditions in nineteenth-century America influenced the philosophy of Thoreau
o examining which elements of the Gothic horror genre appear in Bram Stoker's Dracula
Question 7: Which would Reader-Response Theory NOT consider an influence on the reader's interpretation of literature?
o having previously seen a movie version of the work!
o the reader's knowledge of the author's life
o the author's age when the work was written
o the reader's experience with close reading of literature
Question 8: Which is NOT true of Reader-Response Theory?
o Anything the reader believes about the literary work is correct.
o The reader fills in gaps in the literary work.
o The reader's background influences his or her understanding of the literary work.
o The literary work is communicated by the author and the reader has to decipher the message.
Question 9: How did the historical background of the twentieth century impact the rise of Poststructuralism?
o Positive developments in science led to the optimism of Poststructuralism.
o The horrors of World War II influenced the idea of uncertainty in Poststructuralism.
o The artistic nature of postwar French culture inspired it.
o Poststructuralist thinkers wanted specifically to oppose Formalism and New Criticism.
Question 10: What argument might you use to justify using a Poststructuralist approach to a literary work?
o The work contains a lot of wordplay and words with double meanings.
o The work has conventions that clearly make it part of the sci-fi genre.
o The work reminds you of another work that contains a similar plot.
o The work uses rhyme and poetic meter that show it is literary,