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Question: describe the advances that made in the west that paved...

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  1. Describe the advances that made in the west that paved the way for the scientific study of child development. What factors helped to pioneer the study of child development as a true science?
  1. Developmental scientists study development over the human life span. Explain the difference between psychosocial development, cognitive development, and physical development. Provide an example of each type of development.

  1. Explain what are normative age graded influence, normative history graded influences and nonnormative influences. Give specific examples of each of the three types of influences.

  1. Describe the term critical period. What is the difference between a critical and sensitive period?

  1. Define Erikson's theory of psychosocial development, and describe how it was influenced by and differed from Freud's psychosexual theory.

  1. Explain the difference between classical conditioning and operant conditioning. Give an example of each form of conditioning. Explain the difference between reinforcement and punishment. Give an example of each.

  1. Explain Piaget's cognitive stage theory. In your explanation, include the following terms: organization; schemes; assimilation; accommodation; and, equilibration.

  1. Describe Bronfenbrenner's bioecological theory. In your answer be sure to describe each of the five levels of environment.

  1. Describe Vygotsky's sociocultural theory. In your answer, be sure to describe the terms, Zone of Proximal development and scaffolding.

  1. Describe each of the following research designs, and give an advantage and a disadvantage of each: case study; correlational study; and experiment.

  1. Describe the major methods of data collection and their advantages and disadvantages.

  1. Give an example of each of the following research designs: longitudinal study; cross-sectional study. Give an advantage and disadvantage of each

  1. Describe the following terms: alleles, homozygous, heterozygous, genotype, phenotype, dominant and recessive inheritance.

  1. Define multifactorial transmission. Provide several examples of how multifactorial transmission plays a role in the expression of most traits.

  1. Explain how heredity and environment work together; To support your answer, include a description of gene by environment interactions and genotype by environment correlations

Describe the role of heredity and environment in obesity, schizophrenia, autism, and intelligence.

Outline the three stages of prenatal development, and explain the characteristics of each stage

  1. Describe paternal factors that have been found to have an effect on prenatal development.

Explain how maternal factors such as weight, nutrition, and illness can have effects on prenatal development

Define fetal alcohol syndrome. Describe the devastating effects that high concentrations of alcohol can have on the physical, intellectual, and psychosocial development of the fetus

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