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Directions: Each group of questions in this section is based on a set of conditions. In answering some of the questions, it may be useful to draw a rough diagram. Choose the response that most accurately and completely answers each question. Please explain in step-by-step detail on how you ruled out each potential answer to get to the actual answer.

Jason enters six races: biking, canoeing, horseback riding, ice skating, running, and swimming. He places between first and fifth in each. Two places are consecutive only if the place numbers are consecutive. Jason's places in canoeing and running are consecutive. His places in ice skating and swimming are consecutive. He places higher in biking than in horseback riding. He places higher in canoeing than in running.

Assume that Jason's rank in running is higher than his rank in ice skating and consecutive with it, and that his rankings in swimming and running differ. Which one of the following must be true?

  1. Jason places both first and second.

  2. Jason places both first and third.

  3. Jason places both second and fourth.

  4. Jason places both second and fifth.

  5. Jason places both fourth and fifth.

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