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  3. each of 44 subjects tastes two unmarked cups of coffee...

Question: each of 44 subjects tastes two unmarked cups of coffee...

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Each of 44 subjects tastes two unmarked cups of coffee and says which he or she prefers. One cup in each pair contains instant coffee, the other fresh-brewed coffee. 31 of the subjects prefer the fresh-brewed coffee. Take p to be the proportion of the population who would prefer fresh-brewed coffee in a blind tasting. Test the claim that a majority of people prefer the taste of fresh-brewed coffee. a) The test statistic is? b) The p-value is?

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