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Question: english standard task 1 30 marks interpretation and analysis...

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Task 1 – 30 marks

Interpretation and analysis

Read the passage below which is taken from Ernest Hemingway’s novel The Old Man and the Sea and then answer the questions which follow.

He knew he was beaten now finally and without remedy and he went back to the stern and found the jagged end of the tiller would fit in the slot of the rudder well enough for him to steer. He settled the sack around his shoulders and put the skiff on her course. He sailed lightly now and he had no thoughts nor any feelings of any kind. He was past everything now and he sailed the skiff to make his home port as well and as intelligently as he could. In the night sharks hit the carcass as someone might pick up crumbs from the table. The old man paid no attention to them and did not pay any attention to anything except steering. He only noticed how lightly and how well the skiff sailed now there was no great weight beside her.

She’s good, he thought. She is sound and not harmed in any way except for the tiller. That is easily replaced.

He could feel he was inside the current now and he could see the lights of the beach colonies along the shore. He knew where he was now and it was nothing to get home.

The wind is our friend, anyway, he thought. Then he added, sometimes. And the great sea with our friends and our enemies. And bed, he thought. Bed is my friend. Just bed, he thought. Bed will be a great thing. It is easy when you are beaten, he thought. I never knew how easy it was. And what beat you, he thought.

‘Nothing,’ he said aloud. ‘I went out too far.’ [p. 93]


1.    Explain where the passage occurs in the story. What does the old man decide? What happens to the fish?







2.    Identify one language feature or technique Hemingway uses in the passage. Provide a brief quote and name the feature or technique. What is the effect of the technique? What does it show about the old man or the situation?






3.    Explain how the passage relates to heroism. What themes or qualities associated with heroes and heroism are revealed in the passage?










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