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Question: global warming and a changed awareness of the customer regarding...

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Global warming and a changed awareness of the customer regarding sustainability requires organisations to shift their operations and supply chain design towards a circular economy. The below excerpt from Wikipedia introduces the concept, consider other online sources of your choice if required: A circular economy (often referred to simply as "circularity”) is an economic system aimed at eliminating waste and the continual use of resources. Circular systems employ reuse, sharing, repair, refurbishment, remanufacturing and recycling to create a closeloop system, minimising the use of resource inputs and the creation of waste, pollution and carbon emissions.  The following figure compares on the left the current, linear, design with the product being disposed at the end of the life cycle and the change as part of the circular economy. The circular economy and inclusion of the reuse, remake, and recycle concepts for an organisation’s products require further design and planning strategies. 1) Consider the topics distribution networks, network optimisation, and cycle inventory and how the reuse, remake, and recycle could be supported. Discuss potential changes or missing aspects in the currently covered topics. Note: The answer does not require you developing mathematical formulas, a verbal description is sufficient. 2) Discuss how the product design is a critical factor in a circular economy.  

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