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Question: part a geographers examine patterns of distribution as they make...

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Part A

Geographers examine patterns of distribution as they make comparisons and draw conclusions. An initial step in this process is describing the spatial distribution of an environmental feature such as surface temperature at a global scale.

  1. Select Global Surface Warming: Worst-Case Projections.
  2. Change Projection to Mercator.
  3. Select the Style your map icon and set Opacity to 80%.
  4. Select and deselect items in the Legend to include only the temperatures necessary to answer the question.
  5. Show Physical Labels as necessary.

Which of the following statements identifying locations of global surface warming greater than 4.5 degrees C is the most accurate?

A) High latitude areas in northern Asia and North America are projected to have the greatest increase in global surface warming.
B) The areas closer to both North and South Poles have the greatest projected increase in global surface warming.
C) Areas near the equator are projected to have the greatest increase in global surface warming.
D) The distribution of global surface warming zones aligns with the meridians of longitude.
E) The Atlantic and Pacific Oceans are projected to experience a greater increase in global surface warming than the Arctic Ocean.

Part B

The distribution of biomes is closely related to climate regions and the patterns of global surface temperatures. Variations in surface temperature result from a variety of global and local factors such as nearness to water, wind patterns, and ocean currents. As global surface temperatures warm, some biomes will be affected more than others.

  1. Add Biomes and select Split map window.
  2. Change Projection to Van der Grinten.
  3. Select and deselect items in the Global Surface Warming: Worst-Case Projections Legend to include only the temperatures necessary to answer the question.

Which biome in northern Eurasia has the largest amount of land area predicted to be affected by warming between 5 and 6.5 degrees C?

A) Tundra
B) Temperate grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
C) Rock and ice
D) Boreal forests/taiga
E) Temperate coniferous forests

Part C

The increasing demand for land by agriculture, settlements, and industry—especially the harvesting of timber—has negatively impacted the world’s forest areas.

  1. Reset the map.
  2. Select Land Cover and Deforestation: Net Loss, 2000-2015, and select Split map window.
  3. Change Projection to Van der Grinten.
  4. Deselect all items in the Legend except for Shrublands, and Cropland and natural vegetation.
  5. Show Political Boundaries and Show Political Labels as necessary.

Which land cover category and associated country has experienced the greatest net loss due to deforestation?

A) Evergreen forest in Indonesia
B) Cropland and natural vegetation in Ukraine
C) Deciduous forest in Brazil
D) Shrublands in Russia
E) Mixed forest in Korea

Part D

Part complete

As oil is transported from the oil field to the refinery and then to the market, the distance covered presents many opportunities for oil spills to occur. These spills chiefly result in slicks of nearby bodies of water and can harm the life found in them. As with the uneven geological processes that are responsible for the location of oil fields, oil slicks also are not uniformly distributed.

  1. Reset the map.
  2. Select Oil Slicks (1990s).
  3. Change Projection to Mercator.
  4. Show Continental Boundaries.

Which of the following continents has had oil slicks along most of its coastlines?

A) North America
B) Australia
C) South America
D) Africa
E) Asia

Part E

Part complete

As you examine the distribution patterns of oil pipelines and refineries, consider the underlying relationship to the physical environment, particularly the lithosphere and hydrosphere. Examine how humans altered the environment to facilitate the transport of crude oil from its source to world markets.

  1. Select the Style your map icon and set Opacity to 65%.
  2. Select Oil Pipelines and select Oil Refineries.
  3. Change Projection to Mollweide.
  4. Select the Style your map icon in the Legend and change Oil Refineries to a different color.
  5. Zoom to regions as necessary.

Which of the following statements best describes the relationship between the physical environment and transportation of oil?

A) Elevation affects the placement of oil pipeline routes.
B) All pipelines are connected to oil refineries.
C) Few refineries are located on plains or river valleys.
D) Only areas with coastal oil refineries have oil slicks.
E) Oil pipelines prevent oil slicks near inland bodies of water.

Part F

Part complete

Access to fresh water resources is vital for sustaining human life. Some of the world’s major cities are located on local and shallow groundwater aquifers. As you identify these cities consider how the hydrosphere may affect the future of these settlements as the demand for fresh water invariably increases.

  1. Reset the map.
  2. Select Aquifers: Distribution and Recharge and select Major Cities of More than 5 Million.
  3. Set Opacity of Major Cities of More than 5 Million to 65%.
  4. Deselect all items in the Aquifers: Distribution and Recharge to only include Major Groundwater Basins and Local and Shallow Aquifers.
  5. Show City Labels as necessary.

Which major city’s water resources are mainly from local and shallow aquifers?

A) Cairo, Egypt
B) Moscow, Russia
C) Paris, France
D) New Delhi, India
E) Tehran, Iran
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