1) Which statement best reflects the perspective of
||Mental states are brains states, and brain states arise from
electrochemical processes. Ultimately, then, brain states reduce to
the movement of electrons, and therefore anything we would describe
as mental activity will require electrons.
||Mental activities are functions of the human mind, and will
always require a human mind to perform them.
||Because mental activities take place in carbon-based life
forms, it will always be necessary that the "hardware" on which
these activities take place must itself be carbon-based.
||The functions performed by our brains (calculating, thinking,
playing games, solving problems, having consciousness) can be
replicated on platforms other than human beings. These functions
have the property of multiple realizability.
2) True or false: John Searles' Chinese Room thought experiment
leads him to claim that computers truly understand language.
3)Which of the following statements best expresses the position
||Waste products from the brain need to find a way out, and when
they become too plentiful one has to drill a hole in the skull to
ward off stupidity.
||The best way to be successful in life is to eliminate any
negative thoughts or harmful ideas.
||Mentalistic terminology like "beliefs" or "desires" are based
on primitive, mythological understanding, and should be entirely
||Now that we know how brains work, we can and should eliminate
the field of psychology in favor of organic chemistry.