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Question: please explain why...

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please explain why

Suppose the Xavier values each apple at $1 and each banana at $2; Yolanda values each apple at $2 and each banana at $4; and Zoe value each apple at $2 and each banana at $1. Consider the following three allocations: Allocation 1: Xavier has 4 apples and 3 bananas, Yolanda has 2 apples and 2 bananas, and Zoe has 3 bananas and 4 apples. Allocation 2: Xavier has 3 apples and 4 bananas, Yolanda has 2 apples and 2 bananas, and Zoe has 4 bananas and 3 apples. Allocation 3: Xavier and Zoe have nothing, Yolanda has 9 apples and 9 bananas. Rank the three allocations according to the Rawlsian criterion. Allocation 3 is the best, Allocations 1 and 2 are tied. It is impossible to compare any two allocations. Allocation 2 is the best, and Allocation 3 is better than Allocation 1. Allocation 3 is the worst, Allocations 1 and 2 are tied. Allocation 1 is the best, Allocations 2 and 3 are tied.

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