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Question: question 4 which of the following are common virulence factors...

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QUESTION 4 Which of the following are common virulence factors - genes that can be horizontally transfered and make a microbe become pathogenic? flagella pili adhesins cell capsule fimbriaeQUESTION 2 Which of the following structures can help a bacterium adhere to a surface? hami pili cell capsule endospore fimbriae slime layerQUESTION 17 Below are the reduction half reactions for chemolithoautotrophic nitrification, where ammonia is a source of electrons and energy and oxygen is the terminal electron acceptor NO2 + 6e- NH4+ (-0.41 volts) O2+4e- 2H20 (+0.82 volts) If you balance and combine the reactions so that 62 molecules of NH4 are oxidized to NO2, how many molecules of H+ will be produced?QUESTION 18 Below are the half reactions for sulfate reduction using acetate as a source of electrons, energy, and carbon CO2 +8e -> CH3coo (-0.29 volts) so42+8 H2S (0.22 volts) If you balance and combine the reactions so that 14 molecules of CH3COO are oxidized to CO2, how many molecules of water will be produced?QUESTION 19 Below are the half reactions for sulfate reduction using acetate as a source of electrons, energy, and carbon. CO28e->CH3COO (-0.29 volts) SO42-+8e-> H2S (0.22 volts) If you balance and combine the reactions so that 85 molecules of CH3Coo are oxidized to CO2, how many molecules of H2S will be produced?QUESTION 20 Below are the half reactions for sulfate reduction using acetate as a source of electrons, energy, and carbon. 2CO2 8e -> CH3Coo (-0.29 volts) S04 8e-> H2S (-0.22 volts) Using the information given, calculate the ΔΕ for this reaction, balance the full reaction to determine the n, the number of electrons transfered when 96 molecules of S04 are reduced. Finally, use the simplified Nernst Equation ΔG--nFΔΕ, where F-96.48 kJ (mol e) to determine the Gibbs Free energy available to do work! Report your answer in kJ per mole rounded to two decimal places. Report only the numeric portion of your answer o e.g. 1.01, not 1.01 kj per mole Answers should ALWAYS be negative since this is a spontaneous reaction.QUESTION 21 Reduces Complex l There may be one or more correct answers. Quinol FAD FMN (part of Complex 1) Quinone NADH Cytochrome Citric Acid Cycle Glyoxylate CycleUses Pi bonds (resonance structure) to stabilize the gain and loss of electrons There may be one or more correct answers Glyoxylate Cycle Cytochrome NADH FMN (also known as Complex 1) Quinone Citric Acid Cycle Quinol FADETC component that contains a heme prosthetic group There may be one or more correct answers. Cytochrome Citric Acid Cycle FMN (also known as Complex 1) NADH Glyoxylate Cycle Quinol FAD QuinoneQUESTT0ON 24 Half reaction with the most negative reduction potential. There may be one or more correct answers. Citric Acid Cycle Quinol->Quinone (an oxidation reaction) FMN (a flavoprotein found in Complex 1)->FMNH2 NAD+-NADH Glyoxylate Cycle Quinone->Quinol (a reduction reaction) Cytochrome FAD-FADHCatabolic process for the decomposition of 4- and 6-carbon compounds. There may be one or more correct answers. Cytochrome FAD Citric Acid Cycle Quinone NADH Quinol Glyoxylate Cycle FMN (also known as Complex 1)

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