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Question: steur applefield and smith 1971 randomly assigned children to two...

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Steur, Applefield, and Smith (1971) randomly assigned children to two groups. One group watched cartoons containing violence, and the other group watched cartoons with the violence removed. During a free-play session, the children who watched the cartoons containing violence showed more aggression than children who watched the nonviolent cartoons. Which conclusion can be drawn from this study?

We can say that TV is the only factor that causes aggression.

We cannot say that violent TV caused the increased aggression, because this was a correlational study.

We cannot say what caused the aggression, since aggression is caused by so many other factors.

We can say that the violent TV caused the increased aggression if all other factors in the groups were equal.

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