Question: the primary water supply is reservoir 1 located at the...
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The primary water supply is Reservoir 1, located at the top of a hill. Reservoir 1 has a large volume and there is a concrete gravity dam (Dam 1) at one end. Reservoir 1 drains via a branched pipeline into Reservoirs 2 and 3, with valves to direct the flow into each reservoir as required.
arameter |
Symbol |
Value |
Units |
Height of dam |
H_{Dam} |
11 |
m |
Height of water above middle of Pipe A |
H |
10 |
m |
Height to middle of Pipe A from the datum |
Z_{1} |
150 |
m |
Height to middle of Pipe B from the datum |
Z_{2} |
50 |
m |
Height to edge of Pipe C from the datum |
Z_{3} |
0 |
m |
Assume that Valve C is closed due to planned maintenance activities in Pipe C. Therefore, water flows only through Pipe A and Pipe B.
Determine the velocity at the end of Pipe B assuming no energy losses and the Reservoir 1 water level remains at 10 m above the inlet of Pipe A.