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Question: use the abstract below to answer the following questions 25...

Question details

Use the abstract below to answer the following questions 25- 27:

Abstract:

Four studies investigated attachment in the context of new relationship development. Anxiously

attached individuals overwhelmingly used communal norms and avoided using exchange norms

when interacting with a potential close other; however, when a potential close other used

communal norms, anxious individuals experienced increased interpersonal anxiety. Anxious

individuals also used discrete communal behaviors to diagnose relationship potential. By

contrast, secure individuals were more comfortable in potential communal situations. Moreover,

implicit thoughts about closeness were associated with improved performance on a mental

concentration task for secure individuals, whereas implicit closeness thoughts were associated

with poorer performance for anxious individuals. Finally, avoidant individuals disliked the

potential close other when the other used communal norms and downplayed relational motives

for the other’s communal behavior.

25. What is the dependent variable in this study?

a. attachment

b. type of norms

c. closeness

d. potential close other

Abstract :

A widespread form of bias has slipped under our cultural and academic radar. People who are

single are targets of singlism: negative stereotypes and discrimination. Compared to married or

coupled people, who are often described in very positive terms, singles are assumed to be

immature, maladjusted, and self-centered. Although the perceived differences between people

who have and have not married are large, the actual differences are not. Moreover, there is

currently scant recognition that singlism exists, and when singlism is acknowledged, it is often

accepted as legitimate.

26. What type of study does this sounds like?

a. true experiment

b. descriptive research

c. non-descriptive research

d. observational

27. What is the outcome variable being measured in this study?

a. being single

b. perceptions of singles

c. the cultural and academic radar

d. targets

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