Question: use the abstract below to answer the following questions 25...
Use the abstract below to answer the following questions 25- 27:
Four studies investigated attachment in the context of new relationship development. Anxiously
attached individuals overwhelmingly used communal norms and avoided using exchange norms
when interacting with a potential close other; however, when a potential close other used
communal norms, anxious individuals experienced increased interpersonal anxiety. Anxious
individuals also used discrete communal behaviors to diagnose relationship potential. By
contrast, secure individuals were more comfortable in potential communal situations. Moreover,
implicit thoughts about closeness were associated with improved performance on a mental
concentration task for secure individuals, whereas implicit closeness thoughts were associated
with poorer performance for anxious individuals. Finally, avoidant individuals disliked the
potential close other when the other used communal norms and downplayed relational motives
for the other’s communal behavior.
25. What is the dependent variable in this study?
b. type of norms
d. potential close other
A widespread form of bias has slipped under our cultural and academic radar. People who are
single are targets of singlism: negative stereotypes and discrimination. Compared to married or
coupled people, who are often described in very positive terms, singles are assumed to be
immature, maladjusted, and self-centered. Although the perceived differences between people
who have and have not married are large, the actual differences are not. Moreover, there is
currently scant recognition that singlism exists, and when singlism is acknowledged, it is often
accepted as legitimate.
26. What type of study does this sounds like?
a. true experiment
b. descriptive research
c. non-descriptive research
27. What is the outcome variable being measured in this study?
a. being single
b. perceptions of singles
c. the cultural and academic radar